Soft Tissue Grafting

Soft tissue grafts are used to treat patients suffering from gum recession. Periodontitis or gum diseases cause gum recession in which the gums start pulling away and detaching themselves from the tooth surfaces. They leave the tooth loose and exposed causing sensitivity and discomfort. Gum recession may also result from improper oral care, genetics, and vigorous tooth brushing. 

Soft tissue grafting involves transplanting healthy tissue from the donor area in your mouth to the recessed area and can be performed for people of all ages. The following people can benefit from soft tissue grafting:

  • Patients suffering from periodontal diseases or gum recession.
  • Children and teenagers whose gum tissues aren't strong enough to sustain tooth movement during orthodontic treatments. 
  • Patients suffering from gum recession and tissue loss due to vigorous and aggressive tooth brushing. 
  • People who smoke and consume tobacco-based products suffer from damaged gums and qualify to receive soft tissue grafting.

How are soft tissue grafts placed?

Placement of soft tissue grafts involves the extraction of healthy tissue from a healthy area and transplanting it to the recessed area. The process is performed under anesthesia to avoid pain and discomfort. There are three kinds of soft tissue grafting procedures, and your dentist will choose the best option for you depending on the severity of damage and unique individual needs. 

Connective-Tissue Grafts

Connective-tissue grafts are commonly used to tend to receding gums and tissues around teeth whose roots are exposed

  • A small incision is made on the roof of the mouth and a strip is cut.
  • Subepithelial healthy tissue is extracted from below the strip and the strip is sutured back securely.
  • The extracted tissue is transplanted to the recessed area and the exposed tooth roots are covered.
  • The transplanted tissue integrates with the receding gums to permanently strengthen and lengthen the gum line.

Free Gingival Grafts

Free gingival grafts are used to strengthen a naturally thin gumline and tissues. They are similar to connective tissue gum grafts and enlarge the naturally thin gumline.

  •  Free gingival grafts don't involve removing tissue from under a strip on the roof of the mouth. Instead, the tissue is removed directly from the surface of the palate. 
  • The extracted tissue is transplanted to the recessed area and the exposed tooth roots are covered.
  • The transplanted tissue integrates with the receding gums to permanently strengthen and lengthen the gum line.

Pedicle or Lateral Grafts

Pedicle or lateral grafts are used if you have healthy tissue adjacent to your receding gums. 

  • Pedicle grafts don't use tissue from the roof of your mouth. Instead, a strip of tissue, called a pedicle, is taken from the healthy gums near the recessed area. Only a part of the healthy tissue is cut. 
  • The strip is or pulled down to cover the exposed tooth roots in the upper jaw and pulled up to cover the exposed tooth roots in the lower jaw. The tissue-strip is held in place with stitches.
  • Pedicle gum grafts have the highest success rate. They do not stop blood flow in any section of the mouth. After the surgery, the mouth is disinfected using an anti-bacterial mouthwash.

We, at Bliss Dentistry of Campbell, California, cater to all your needs pertaining to dental services and routine exams. Our Campbell dentists with their entire team persevere to provide you with exceptional treatment that enhances and maintains the beauty of your smile. If you have any further question, queries or dental emergencies and are looking for an experienced dentist in the South Bay Area, feel free to contact us at (408) 963-6678 to schedule an appointment.


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1930 South Bascom Avenue, Suite 100, Campbell, CA 95008

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(408) 963-6678

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