Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with malocclusion, a condition where the teeth are not properly positioned. It involves the prevention, diagnosis and correction of the malpositioned teeth. Severe malocclusion affects eating, speaking and keeping the teeth clean which results in early tooth loss due to tooth decay and cause stress on the muscles of mastication. Orthodontics helps in treating the following conditions:
- Protruding front teeth.
- Asymmetrical teeth.
- Crowding of teeth
- Spacing between the teeth
- Impacted teeth
- Crossbite, overbite, and underbite
What are different kinds of orthodontic devices?
The orthodontic devices put pressure on the teeth and jaws and help to move teeth and affect the growth of jaw musculature. There are the following types of orthodontic devices:
Braces are composed of brackets, wires and bands. Brackets are connected to the front of the teeth. Bands are secured firmly around the teeth, which serve as anchors. Wires are in the shape of an arch which pass through the brackets and are fixed to the bands. As the wire is made taut, tension is applied to the teeth. Continuous pressure over the time moves the teeth in proper position. Monthly adjustments are required to achieve the desired result. The most common types of braces are:
- Metal braces - These are the least expensive and their parts are made from metal, which makes them very visible.
- Ceramic braces - Made from ceramic, they have the same color as the teeth and are least visible.
- Lingual braces - These are placed on the inner side of the teeth and cannot be seen from the outside unless the mouth is wide open.
- Invisalign - They are more comfortable than metallic braces and are completely invisible. Can be removed completely while cleaning the teeth and eating food.
Special fixed appliances
These are used to control tongue thrusting or thumb sucking. These are attached to the teeth by bands. These are very uncomfortable while eating so they are used only as a last resort.
Fixed space maintainers
If a baby loses tooth prematurely, this device is used so that the space remains open until the permanent tooth erupts. A band is attached to one of the tooth next to the space and a wire goes from the tooth to the band.
Aligners can be used as an alternative to braces and are almost unnoticed by other people. They do not contain metal wires and brackets. These are removed while eating or cleaning.
Jaw repositioning appliances
Jaw repositioning appliances can be worn either on the upper or lower jaw. They aid in proper closure of the jaw. Commonly used for temporomandibular joint disorders.
Retainers are used to keep the teeth in their original position and prevent their movement to their initial position. Their modified form can be used to prevent thumb sucking in children.
A strap is wrapped around the back of the head which is connected to a wire in the front. The purpose of headgear is to retard the growth of upper jaw while keeping the back teeth in place. Headgears also provide the extra pressure that the braces require to pull the teeth into their ideal position.
Lip and cheek bumpers
Lip and cheek bumpers are used to relieve the pressure that cheeks and lips exert on the teeth by keeping them apart from the teeth.
We, at Bliss Dentistry of Campbell, California, cater to all your needs pertaining to dental services and routine exams. Our Campbell dentists with their entire team persevere to provide you with exceptional treatment that enhances and maintains the beauty of your smile. If you have any further question, queries or dental emergencies and are looking for an experienced dentist in the South Bay Area, feel free to contact us at (408) 963-6678 to schedule an appointment.