Endodontic treatment or root canal treatment is performed when the dental pulp and root canals present inside the tooth become infected and inflamed. The dental pulp is the core of the tooth and houses nerves and tissues that may get infected when bacteria seep in through the dentin into the pulp chamber. The bacteria infect the pulp chamber and lead to abscess formation. Without effective treatment, you may lose your tooth to the decay and infection. With the help of root canal treatment, the infected nerves and tissues are removed and replaced with a medicated filling material. Root canal treatment also helps in preserving the natural teeth and strengthening their structure.
What sign indicate that you may require a root canal treatment?
You may require a root canal treatment if you have:
- Abscessed teeth and gums accompanied with drainage.
- Persistent pain or throbbing while chewing and biting.
- Sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages for no reason.
- Tenderness in gums and lymph node.
- Traumatic dental injuries like chips, cracks, decays, and fractures that provide a pathway to bacteria into the pulp chamber.
- Swollen gums and facial muscles.
- A pimple-like fistula on your gums.
- Discoloration of the affected tooth.
- Foul taste and smell in the mouth that simply doesn't go away.
How is a root canal treatment performed?
A root canal treatment is performed in 7 steps and requires one or two visits to the dentist's office.
1. Digital X-rays and Anesthesia
Digital X-rays are used to assess the degree of tooth decay and bacterial infection. If your dentist determines that the tooth can be saved and you are not suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes, autoimmune diseases, infections, and osteoporosis, he will begin your treatment.
He will administer local anesthesia to numb the tooth and the surrounding gum tissues to save you from any kind of discomfort.
2. Placement of a gingival dam
A gingival dam is used to separate the tooth from gums and to prevent any contact with saliva. Saliva is a source of bacteria and can hinder the treatment.
The gingival dam enables the dentist to perform the root canal treatment in a dry surrounding.
3. Drilling an access hole
A hole is created in the enamel through the dentin and into the infected pulp chamber and root canals.
4. Removal of infected nerves and tissues
The damaged and dead nerves and tissues are removed using canal files. The canal files help in successfully removing all the infected rubble from the pulp chamber and the root canals.
5. Cleaning and disinfecting the root canals
After the damaged pulp has been removed, the canals are flooded with water and sodium hypochlorite to completely clean and disinfect them.
Sodium hypochlorite creates an inhabitable surrounding and restrains the growth of bacteria.
6. Filing the root canals
The hollow pulp chamber and root canals are shaped, molded and filed to receive an inert dental filling, Gutta Percha. Gutta Percha easily bonds with the tooth and seals it completely.
7. Crown or bridge placement
A custom-made dental restoration, a crown or bridge, is used to cap the tooth to restore the tooth's structure.
We, at Bliss Dentistry of Campbell, California, cater to all your needs pertaining to dental services and routine exams. Our Campbell dentists with their entire team persevere to provide you with exceptional treatment that enhances and maintains the beauty of your smile. If you have any further question, queries or dental emergencies and are looking for an experienced dentist in the South Bay Area, feel free to contact us at (408) 963-6678 to schedule an appointment.