Placing a bone graft is a surgical procedure and is used to treat problems related to the bones and joints. In dentistry, bone grafting is used to treat bone loss in the jaw. Teeth provide the bones with stimulation to keep them healthy and sturdy. In the case of tooth loss, bones don't receive the required stimulation and start to dissolve. Bone loss can also occur due to congenital birth defects, dental trauma, periodontitis, and radiation. Bone grafts help in fixing bone loss by transplanting bone tissue from a donor area to the bone deficient area. Bone grafts provide a framework that is easily accepted by the body and new bone starts to form around it. The two most common types of bone grafts are:
Allografts use bone tissues from a deceased donor. The bone tissues are clean and stored in a tissue bank.
Autografts use bone tissues from your own body parts like hips, ribs, wrist or pelvis.
Bone grafts can help in the following manner:
- Periodontal diseases cause bone and gum recession, which lead to loose teeth that are ready to fall out. Bone grafts are used to regenerate the bone around these teeth and to keep them securely in place.
- Tooth extraction is a very common procedure and you may consider it in case of decay, trauma, or gum diseases. After the extraction, bone grafts are placed in the tooth socket to improve the density of the underlying bone.
- Dental implants are the most commonly used dental restorations and are used to replace missing teeth. Implants are titanium screws that are placed in the jaw to act as false tooth roots. In order to support the titanium root, the underlying bone should be healthy and dense. If the bone has lost its density, bone grafts are used to regenerate the lost bone structure.
- Bone grafts are also used for cosmetic enhancements. They provide support to your facial contour and make you look youthful.
How is a bone graft placed?
Your dentist will anesthetize the grafting and extraction sites. An incision is made and the bone graft is positioned and anchored in place. A synthetic membrane may be placed over the graft to prevent bacterial growth. This membrane protects the soft tissue, prevents bacterial invasions, and encourages new bone growth. The new bone grows around the graft and soon replaces it.
We, at Bliss Dentistry of Campbell, California, cater to all your needs pertaining to dental services and routine exams. Our Campbell dentists with their entire team persevere to provide you with exceptional treatment that enhances and maintains the beauty of your smile. If you have any further question, queries or dental emergencies and are looking for an experienced dentist in the South Bay Area, feel free to contact us at (408) 963-6678 to schedule an appointment.