Posted by BLISS DENTISTRY on Mar 25 2021, 08:00 AM


Gingivectomy is the surgical removal of gum or gingiva. This surgery is done to treat diseased gums or deep pockets in gums or remove extra gum for cosmetic reasons. 

The possible reasons for a dentist to recommend gingivectomy are:

  • Aging
  • Gum injury
  • Gum disease like gingivitis
  • Gum inflammation

Bacterial infection in the gum

 If you have gum disease or infection, a gingivectomy is done to prevent further damage to the gum. The dentist does not usually recommend gingivectomy for cosmetic reasons unless they are real specialists in surgeries. Leaving the gum problems unattended can damage soft tissues and bones, causing tooth loss.


The gingivectomy procedure takes 30 to 60 minutes, depending on how much gum tissue is removed. Minor procedures are usually completed in a single visit. Major procedures and reshaping of gum after the procedure take several visits. The general steps involved in gingivectomy are as follows:

  • At first, you will be given an injection of local anesthesia to numb the gum area.
  • Then scalpel or laser tool is used to cut and remove required pieces of your gum. This process is known as soft tissue incision.
  • After that, a suction tool is placed to remove excess saliva in the mouth, and a laser tool is used to vaporize the remaining tissue and shape the gumline.
  • Finally, a soft putty-like substance and bandages are placed to protect the gums while healing.

After procedure circumstances

After the procedure, you can go back home, but you might experience slight pain and discomfort. One should be well aware of normal situations and the ones that need medical attention.

  • As the anesthesia effect wears down, you might experience pain for a few days. If the pain is unbearable, consult your doctor immediately to get some medication. 
  • There might be slight bleeding from the gums for few days. Replace the bandages or dressings as guided by the dentist to prevent further bleeding. Immediate consultation is required if the gums bleed continuously.
  • Slight pain in the jaw is also normal.
  • Soft foods are recommended to lessen the pressure on healing gums.
  • Use saline solution or salt water to keep your mouth bacteria-free. Avoid mouthwash or other antiseptic liquid.
  • Antibiotics may be taken to prevent infections.
  • Use a cold compress to soothe any pain.


  • Removes diseased tissue
  • Prevents progression of gum infection or disease
  • Reduces pocket depth
  • Saves teeth and bone
  • Enhances oral health and hygiene
  • Improves oral aesthetics

Gingivectomy is a low-cost, low-risk procedure to restore the health of damaged gum tissue or enhance your smile. 

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